Chile’s bishops have called the Chilean people to work together to address the causes of violent protests, which have left at least 11 people dead in Santiago.
The demonstrations came after the government announced a 10% increase in electricity rates and a transit fare hike equivalent to about 3p.
Though apparently small, the fare increase triggered a reaction to growing inequality, analysts said.
Students first began to jump over turnstiles in defiance of the measure. The protests turned more violent on 17 October, with rioters burning subway stations, ransacking stores and attacking public buildings.
President Sebastian Pinera imposed a state of emergency on 18 October, prohibiting public gatherings.
The “traumatic” events are an “imperious call to continue creating a culture of understanding,” in which people can “empathise with the everyday suffering and ills of Chilean society,” the bishops wrote in a statement dated 19 October.
That suffering, they said, is related to shortcomings in employment, health care, public safety, education, housing, pensions, poverty, immigration policies and other issues.
Conflicts have erupted in the past over the cost of education, and private pension funds mandated several decades ago have failed to deliver as promised.
Analysts say that patience has run out for a variety of reasons: the gap between rich and poor, crime, the rising cost of living in a country where two-thirds of the population earns less than £600 a month, and corruption scandals.
Chilean leaders, the bishops wrote, have an obligation to “understand the deep dissatisfaction of people and families that are affected by unjust inequalities, arbitrary decisions that affect their daily lives, and everyday practices that they consider abusive.”
The bishops urged Chileans to “avoid physical and verbal violence” and seek the common good. They noted further that government officials had a particular responsibility to “serve their country, protect those who live there and work to create conditions for a well-being based on justice and peace.”
They said it is important to understand how Chilean society has changed over time and respond to the “complex and new realities that characterise today’s society.”
Before closing with a prayer for “mutual understanding,” the bishops called for “authorities, political parties, civil society and its organisations, universities and intellectuals” to “dialogue about the country we want,” and to build a society in which everyone feels they belong and which inspires people to safeguard the common good.
Picture: A demonstrator in Santiago, Chile, holds a picture of Chilean President Sebastian Pinera on 22 October 2019, during a protest against the state’s Chile’s state economic model. (CNS photo/Ivan Alvarado, Reuters)