Pakistan’s top court has upheld its acquittal of a Catholic woman sentenced to death for blasphemy, clearing the last legal hurdle and freeing Asia Bibi to leave the country in a move that dealt a blow to radical Islamists who had demanded her execution.
Following the landmark decision, Ms Bibi will finally be able to join her daughters who earlier fled to Canada where they have been given asylum.
Ms Bibi’s lawyer, Saiful Malook, who returned to Islamabad after fleeing the country amid death threats, called the decision a victory for Pakistan’s constitution and rule of law.
The three-judge Supreme Court panel had “insisted on very strict proofs of blasphemy” and found none, he said.
Pakistan’s Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa who led the panel of judges dismissed the petition filed by radical religious leaders.
The extremists had petitioned the court to overturn its acquittal and send her back to prison for execution.
He said in court that Ms Bibi’s accusers were guilty of perjury and if the case had not been so sensitive, they should have been jailed for life.
“The image of Islam we are showing to the world gives me much grief and sorrow,” Mr Khosa said.
Ms Bibi, who spent eight years on death row and who has been under guard at a secret place since her acquittal last October, was overjoyed at the news, which she heard over the TV.
“I am really gratefully to everybody, now after nine years it is confirmed that I am free and I will be going to hug my daughters,” a friend quoted Ms Bibi as saying.
Following her October acquittal, radical religious parties took to the streets to protest, calling for the killing of judges who acquitted Ms Bibi and for the overthrow of prime minister Imran Khan’s government.
They also filed the last-minute appeal for a review of the Supreme Court acquittal.
The protests were spearheaded by the radical Tehreek-e-Labbaik party, whose single point agenda is protection of Islam and the Prophet Mohammed.
Ms Bibi’s case goes to the core of one of Pakistan’s most controversial issues, the blasphemy law, often used to settle scores or intimidate followers of minority religions, including minority Shi’ite Muslims.
A charge of insulting Islam can bring the death penalty.
But the accusation on its own is sometimes enough to whip up vengeful mobs, even if the courts acquit defendants.
A provincial governor who defended Ms Bibi was shot and killed, as was a government minority minister who dared question the blasphemy law.
Ms Bibi, who always insisted that she was innocent, has said she will leave the country as soon as her legal battles are over.
Her lawyer, who fled the country after receiving death threats, returned to Pakistan for the final review.
Ms Bibi’s ordeal began on a hot day in 2009 when she brought water to fellow farmhands who refused to drink from the same container as a Christian woman.
Two of her fellow farmworkers argued with Ms Bibi and later accused her of insulting Islam’s prophet.
Following protests after Ms Bibi’s acquittal, the authorities arrested radical clerics Khadim Hussain Rizvi and Mohammad Afzal Qadri, both leaders of the Tehreekk-e-Labbaik Party, and several of their followers for destroying public property during rallies against Ms Bibiand for inciting their followers to violence.
The clerics and the others remain in custody.
The cleric petitioning the court for Ms Bibi’s return to death row, Qari Salam, is linked with Rizvi’s Tehreek-e-Labbaik party.
Rizvi’s party said it would not accept any decision in favour of Ms Bibi’s release and asked its followers to prepare for more mass protests.
Mohammad Shafiq Amini, the acting chief of the Tehreek-i-Labaik party, sent a video message to followers to reject Ms Bibi’s acquittal by the Supreme Court earlier in the day as “cruel and unjust”.
He said Muslims should feel ashamed that Ms Bibi was not executed and asked the Prophet Mohammed for “forgiveness that we could not do anything, and that blasphemers are alive”.
Picture: Asia Bibi (British Pakistani Christian Association).